Perceived discrimination and health: a meta-analytic review.


Journal Article

Perceived discrimination has been studied with regard to its impact on several types of health effects. This meta-analysis provides a comprehensive account of the relationships between multiple forms of perceived discrimination and both mental and physical health outcomes. In addition, this meta-analysis examines potential mechanisms by which perceiving discrimination may affect health, including through psychological and physiological stress responses and health behaviors. Analysis of 134 samples suggests that when weighting each study's contribution by sample size, perceived discrimination has a significant negative effect on both mental and physical health. Perceived discrimination also produces significantly heightened stress responses and is related to participation in unhealthy and nonparticipation in healthy behaviors. These findings suggest potential pathways linking perceived discrimination to negative health outcomes.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Pascoe, EA; Smart Richman, L

Published Date

  • July 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 135 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 531 - 554

PubMed ID

  • 19586161

Pubmed Central ID

  • 19586161

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0033-2909

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037/a0016059


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States