Congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava: embryogenesis and MR features.
This article describes the MR appearances of the six most common congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava. As a basis for understanding those anomalies, it describes the embryology of the inferior vena cava, based on an actual study of embryos and fetuses. The article takes a fresh look at the original research in this area, discusses the possible embryogenesis of the relevant anomalies, and describes different opinions on that subject, where different opinions exist.
Friedland, GW; deVries, PA; Nino-Murcia, M; King, BF; Leder, RA; Stevens, S
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