CT of fundoplication.
To determine the CT findings postfundoplication, we retrospectively compared CT in 22 postfundoplication patients with CT in 22 patients with unrepaired hiatal hernias and gastroesophageal (GE) junction abnormalities and 24 patients with gastric or esophageal carcinoma involving the GE junction. Seventeen of the 22 postfundoplication patients had undergone a Nissen procedure. Of the 22 patients, 11 had esophageal dilatation, 14 had GE junction masses, 4 had esophageal wall thickening, 7 had surgical clips, and none had hepatic metastases or upper abdominal lymphadenopathy. Statistically, on CT, postfundoplication patients are more likely to have a GE junction mass (p = 0.023) and least likely to have wall thickening (p = 0.021). Nonetheless, because the findings occur frequently in each group, they are not diagnostic in the individual patient. However, 11 of 12 post-Nissen masses had the unique finding of an oval or linear central fat density within the mass. This finding was absent in the other postfundoplication masses and in those patients with repaired hiatal hernia or tumor. We conclude that pseudomasses occur on CT postfundoplication and can be indistinguishable from hiatal hernias and GE junction neoplasms unless a central fat density is present.
McDonnell, CH; Baker, ME; Cohan, RH; Nadel, SN; Leder, RA; Pappas, TN; Rice, RP
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