Real-time 3D color flow Doppler for guidance of vibrating interventional devices.
The goal of this investigation was to examine the feasibility of guiding interventional devices using piezoelectric buzzers to create velocity sources, which were imaged and tracked with real-time 3D color flow Doppler. The interventional devices examined in this study included a pacemaker lead, Brockenbrough needle for cardiac septal puncture, cardiac guidewire and radiofrequency ablation needles for cancer therapy. Each was mechanically coupled to a piezoelectric buzzer and was imaged using a commercial real-time 3D ultrasound system with either a 2.5 MHz matrix array transducer or a 5 MHz, 22 F catheter transducer equipped with a tool port. In vitro images acquired in tissue phantoms, excised liver with a 'tumor' target and an excised sheep heart show strong vibration signals in 3D color flow Doppler, enabling real-time tracking and guidance of all the devices in three dimensions. In a sheep model, in vivo tracking of the pacing lead was performed in the superior vena cava as well as the right atrium using RT3D color flow Doppler images. The vibrating rf ablation needles were guided through the liver toward "tumor" targets in vivo with real-time 3D color flow Doppler images.
Fronheiser, MP; Wolf, PD; Idriss, SF; Nelson, RC; Lee, W; Smith, SW
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