Magnetic resonance imaging for detection of arterial and venous occlusion in canine muscle flaps and bowel segments.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed on 16 muscle flaps and eight jejunal segments in dogs to assess its usefulness in detecting vascular occlusion. Arterial or venous occlusion was carried out in 11 muscles and six bowel segments, with the remaining sham flaps serving as controls. Imaging was performed over 2 hours using a spin echo pulse sequence with T2 weighting. Arterial occlusions in muscles resulted in T2 values 15-30% higher than controls, while venous occlusion produced T2 values 55-75% higher than controls. Differences became significant (p less than 0.05) at 10 minutes after venous occlusion and at 35 minutes after arterial occlusion. Differences between occluded and control bowel segments, although demonstrating a similar trend, failed to reach statistical significance in this preliminary study. The authors conclude that magnetic resonance imaging may be a valuable method for early detection of venous and arterial occlusion in muscle flaps. Further study may also demonstrate this technique to be useful in the diagnosis of ischemic bowel.
- Elias, DL; Nelson, RC; Herbst, MD; Zubowicz, VN
- November 1987
Volume / Issue
- 206 / 5
Start / End Page
- 624 - 627
Pubmed Central ID
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
- United States