Hepatic tumors: comparison of CT during arterial portography, delayed CT, and MR imaging for preoperative evaluation.
Forty-three patients with known primary or secondary neoplastic involvement of the liver underwent evaluation to determine the number, size, and location of focal lesions before possible tumor resection. Imaging studies included computed tomography (CT) during arterial portography (CTAP), delayed CT, and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging at various pulse sequences. Results of radiologic studies were compared with surgical and pathologic findings. In the combined group of surgical and nonsurgical patients, CTAP was significantly more sensitive (85%) than all other techniques except 1.5-T T2-weighted spin-echo imaging (64%). Combining the information from all MR pulse sequences yielded a cumulative sensitivity of 68%. Combining the information from two modalities yielded sensitivity of 96% for CTAP plus MR imaging, 85% for CTAP plus delayed CT, and 77% for delayed CT plus MR imaging. The authors conclude that when it is vital to know the precise number, size, and location of focal hepatic lesions before tumor resection, CTAP has the highest sensitivity, but MR imaging is an important adjuvant.
Nelson, RC; Chezmar, JL; Sugarbaker, PH; Bernardino, ME
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