Preoperative localization of focal liver lesions to specific liver segments: utility of CT during arterial portography.
The authors retrospectively studied 36 hepatic masses in 20 patients who underwent computed tomography during arterial portography (CTAP) and subsequent hepatic tumor resection. The authors used the right main and left main portal veins as landmarks for the transverse scissura, along with the hepatic veins, the gallbladder fossa, and the umbilical fissure to blindly predict the segmental location of each tumor confirmed at surgery. The right main and left main portal veins were found to be consistently near the middle sections through the liver. CTAP findings and surgical descriptions agreed on the primary segmental location of 33 of 36 focal lesions (92%) but disagreed on the extent of 11 of 36 lesions (31%). Further review of the CTAP scans of the 11 lesions revealed that the extent of the lesion was more correctly described at surgery in six masses and at CTAP in four masses; in one lesion, opposite margins of the same mass were correctly described at both surgery and CTAP. Since it may be difficult or impossible to localize deep hepatic lesions intraoperatively by means of palpation or inspection, CTAP is a helpful preoperative tool for determining the segmental location of lesions and for planning the surgical approach.
Nelson, RC; Chezmar, JL; Sugarbaker, PH; Murray, DR; Bernardino, ME
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