MR of focal liver lesions: comparison of breath-hold and non-breath-hold hybrid RARE and conventional spin-echo T2-weighted pulse sequences.
To compare liver lesion detection rates, tissue signal and noise data, and qualitative parameters for breath-hold (BH) and non-breath-hold (NBH) hybrid rapid acquisition with relaxation enhancement (RARE) and conventional spin-echo (CSE) T2-weighted (CSE-T2) MR sequences, 20 patients were imaged using all three sequences. Lesion detection rates were 73.5% for the CSE-T2 sequence and 81.1% and 88.6% for the BH-RARE and NBH-RARE sequences, respectively (P = .027). Mean lesion-to-liver signal-difference-to-noise ratio for the NBH-RARE sequence was 14.0 +/- 11.5, significantly greater than 9.8 +/- 7.8 obtained for the BH-RARE sequence (P = .050) and 9.0 +/- 6.2 obtained for the CSE-T2 sequence (P = .015). The NBH-RARE sequence demonstrated fewer artifacts and greater overall image quality compared to the CSE-T2 sequence. The NBH-RARE sequence is a useful alternative to the liver signal-difference-to-noise ratio and lesion detection rate and better overall image quality.
Carpenter, KD; Macaulay, SE; Schulte, SJ; Obregon, RG; Nelson, RC; Simon, HE; Schmiedl, UP
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