Gallstone extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy: time and treatment considerations.
We evaluated 30 gallstone lithotripsy procedures performed on 27 patients with the Dornier MPL-9000 Lithotripter to determine how time was spent in the lithotripsy suite and to evaluate the various technical reasons for interrupting the administration of shock waves during the treatment. The procedure averaged 98 +/- 32 min total time in the lithotripsy suite. This included an average of 22 +/- 6 min before the treatment, 70 +/- 28 min for administration of shock waves, and 6 +/- 2 min after the treatment. The time required to deliver the shock waves did not correlate with patient age, sex, or weight; the number of gallstones; or the number or date of the treatment. However, a trend was seen toward an association between shorter treatment times and larger stone volumes. On the average, the administration of shock waves was interrupted every 48 shock waves for various reasons. Electronically changing the imaging plane of the in-line sonographic transducer to retarget the stone in the focal zone was by far the most frequent reason for interrupting shock-wave delivery, averaging 56 shock waves between changes. We conclude that extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy of gallstones is a time consuming and technically demanding procedure that requires continuous monitoring and frequent interruption in order to optimize targeting and fragmentation of the stone(s) while maintaining the patient's comfort.
Nelson, RC; Rowland, GA; Torres, WE; Baumgartner, BR
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