Compression CT urography: a comparison with IVU in the opacification of the collecting system and ureters.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate opacification of the collecting system and ureters using compression computed tomography (CT) urography compared with conventional intravenous urography (IVU). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty consecutive patients underwent compression CT urography as part of a dedicated renal CT. A compression belt was applied prior to nephrographic phase imaging. Excretory phase scans were acquired through the kidneys 3 minutes post injection with the compression belt in place. The compression belt was then released, and scans were obtained through the ureters. Three independent readers then scored opacification of the collecting system and ureters on a scale of 0-2 (0 = no opacification, 1 = partial opacification, 2 = full opacification and distension). Fifty consecutive nonmatched IVUs were scored by segment by the same readers. Comparison of the two modalities was made using the Mann-Whitney U test. Interobserver agreement was assessed by the Kappa coefficient. RESULTS: CT demonstrated significantly better opacification (p < or = 0.02) of the upper and lower pole pelvicalyceal systems and midureters bilaterally. There was no difference in opacification of the proximal and distal ureters by CT compared with IVU. The Kappa coefficient was 0.53. CONCLUSIONS: Compression CT urography yields equal or better opacification of the collecting system and ureters when compared with IVU, and shows promise for the routine evaluation of the renal excretory system.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Heneghan, JP; Kim, DH; Leder, RA; DeLong, D; Nelson, RC

Published Date

  • 2001

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 25 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 343 - 347

PubMed ID

  • 11351181

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0363-8715

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/00004728-200105000-00003


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States