A novel therapeutic derived from apolipoprotein E reduces brain inflammation and improves outcome after closed head injury.

Journal Article

Although apolipoprotein E4 (APOE4) was initially identified as a susceptibility gene for the development of Alzheimer's disease, the presence of the APOE4 allele is also associated with poor outcome after acute brain injury. One mechanism by which apoE may influence neurological outcome is by downregulating the neuroinflammatory response. Because it does not readily cross the blood-brain barrier, the apoE holoprotein has limited therapeutic potential. We demonstrate that a single intravenous injection of a small peptide derived from the apoE receptor binding region crosses the blood-brain barrier and significantly improves histological and functional outcomes after traumatic brain injury (TBI). The development of an apoE-based intervention represents a novel therapeutic strategy in the management of acute brain injury.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lynch, JR; Wang, H; Mace, B; Leinenweber, S; Warner, DS; Bennett, ER; Vitek, MP; McKenna, S; Laskowitz, DT

Published Date

  • March 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 192 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 109 - 116

PubMed ID

  • 15698624

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0014-4886

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.expneurol.2004.11.014

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States