CT scans and 3D reconstructions of Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris) heads and ear bones.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The auditory anatomy of the Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris) was investigated using computerized tomography (CT), three-dimensional reconstructions, and traditional dissection of heads removed during necropsy. The densities (kg/m3) of the soft tissues of the head were measured directly using the displacement method and those of the soft tissues and bone were calculated from CT measurements (Hounsfield units). The manatee's fatty tissue was significantly less dense than the other soft tissues within the head (p<0.05). The squamosal bone was significantly less dense than the other bones of the head (p<0.05). Measurements of the ear bones (tympanic, periotic, malleus, incus, and stapes) collected during dissection revealed that the ossicular chain was overly massive for the mass of the tympanoperiotic complex.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Chapla, ME; Nowacek, DP; Rommel, SA; Sadler, VM

Published Date

  • June 2007

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 228 / 1-2

Start / End Page

  • 123 - 135

PubMed ID

  • 17420106

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1878-5891

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0378-5955

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.heares.2007.01.029


  • eng