Complications (excluding hyperinflation) involving the native lung after single-lung transplantation: incidence, radiologic features, and clinical importance.
PURPOSE: To determine the incidence, importance, and radiologic features of native lung complications after single-lung transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen (15%) of 111 single-lung transplant recipients developed native lung complications (excluding hyperinflation) 0-58 months (mean, 17 months) after transplantation. Complaints at presentation, culture or histopathologic results, diagnostic or therapeutic procedures, and outcome were recorded. Chest radiographs (n = 17) and computed tomographic (CT) scans (n = 8) obtained at time of diagnosis were reviewed. Serial radiographs were assessed for disease progression or improvement. RESULTS: The most common complications were infection (n = 10), caused by bacteria (n = 4), fungi (n = 4), or mycobacteria (n = 2), typically manifested as lobar or segmental opacities on chest radiographs or CT scans. Lung cancer manifested as a solitary well-circumscribed nodule (n = 1), multiple nodules (n = 1), or a hilar mass (n = 1). Five (29%) of 17 patients died of native lung complications. Seven patients underwent mediastinoscopy (n = 3), lobectomy (n = 2), thoracoscopic wedge resection (n = 2), tube thoracostomy (n = 2), or pneumonectomy (n = 1) for diagnosis or treatment. CONCLUSION: Native lung complications occurred in 17 (15%) single-lung transplant recipients, were most commonly due to infection or lung cancer, and caused serious morbidity or mortality in 12 (71%) of 17 patients affected.
McAdams, HP; Erasmus, JJ; Palmer, SM
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