Apolipoprotein E-epsilon 2 and Alzheimer's disease: genotype influences pathologic phenotype.

Journal Article

To determine whether apolipoprotein E epsilon 2 (APOE-epsilon 2) affects neuropathology in aging and Alzheimer's disease (AD), we compared beta-amyloid plaque (A beta P) and neurofibrillary tangle densities, neuropil thread formation, and amyloid angiopathy in five APOE-epsilon 2/3 AD patients, five APOE-epsilon 3/3 AD patients, five APOE-epsilon control patients, and five APOE-epsilon 3/3 control patients. We examined the (frontal and parietal) neocortex, hippocampus, entorhinal cortex, and cerebellum and found A beta P densities to be lower (t = 3.121, p = 0.011) in the cortex of APOE-epsilon 2/3 AD patients than in APOE-epsilon 3/3 AD patients. Amyloid angiopathy was also less in APOE-epsilon 2/3 patients than in APOE-3/3 patients (U = 4.500, p = 0.027). Control APOE-epsilon 2/3 brains had little AD-related pathology; even our 102-year-old control case showed few A beta Ps compared with the elderly APOE-epsilon 3/3 cases. The APOE-epsilon 2/3 genotype may influence pathologic phenotype in some aged normal and AD populations.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lippa, CF; Smith, TW; Saunders, AM; Hulette, C; Pulaski-Salo, D; Roses, AD

Published Date

  • February 1997

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 48 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 515 - 519

PubMed ID

  • 9040748

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0028-3878

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States