Apolipoprotein E-epsilon 2 and Alzheimer's disease: genotype influences pathologic phenotype.
To determine whether apolipoprotein E epsilon 2 (APOE-epsilon 2) affects neuropathology in aging and Alzheimer's disease (AD), we compared beta-amyloid plaque (A beta P) and neurofibrillary tangle densities, neuropil thread formation, and amyloid angiopathy in five APOE-epsilon 2/3 AD patients, five APOE-epsilon 3/3 AD patients, five APOE-epsilon control patients, and five APOE-epsilon 3/3 control patients. We examined the (frontal and parietal) neocortex, hippocampus, entorhinal cortex, and cerebellum and found A beta P densities to be lower (t = 3.121, p = 0.011) in the cortex of APOE-epsilon 2/3 AD patients than in APOE-epsilon 3/3 AD patients. Amyloid angiopathy was also less in APOE-epsilon 2/3 patients than in APOE-3/3 patients (U = 4.500, p = 0.027). Control APOE-epsilon 2/3 brains had little AD-related pathology; even our 102-year-old control case showed few A beta Ps compared with the elderly APOE-epsilon 3/3 cases. The APOE-epsilon 2/3 genotype may influence pathologic phenotype in some aged normal and AD populations.
Lippa, CF; Smith, TW; Saunders, AM; Hulette, C; Pulaski-Salo, D; Roses, AD
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