Linkage studies in tuberous sclerosis. Chromosome 9?, 11?, or maybe 14!
Published reports show linkage of tuberous sclerosis (TSC) to either chromosome 9 in some families or chromosome 11 in other families. We studied 243 individuals (82 with TSC) from 16 multigenerational TSC families. The diagnosis of TSC conformed to the criteria of Gomez. Penetrance was estimated at 0.90. DNA markers were analyzed using Southern blotting, probe hybridization, autoradiography, and genetic linkage analysis. Two-point lod scores for TSC were calculated for 43 genetic markers distributed over 11 chromosomes. Tests for homogeneity rejected the null hypothesis of homogeneity. Linkage to TSC was excluded (z less than or equal to -2, theta greater than or equal to 0.05) for 23 of these markers including 9q34 and 11q markers. One family gave z(theta max) = 1.8, theta max = 0.001 with ABO (on 9q34), and two other families attained lod scores greater than 1 for 9q34-region markers. The lod score for TSC versus chromosome 14 marker pAW101 (D14S1) was z(theta max) = 1.98, theta max = 0.15. A single large family has overall negative lod scores for markers localized to both chromosome 9 and chromosome 11. These data confirm genetic heterogeneity in TSC and suggest linkage of some families to 9q34. Furthermore, the data suggest that 14q may be an interesting area.
Kandt, RS; Pericak-Vance, MA; Hung, WY; Gardner, RJ; Crossen, PE; Nellist, MD; Speer, MC; Roses, AD
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