Reversal of presynaptic deficits of apolipoprotein E-deficient mice in human apolipoprotein E transgenic mice.


Journal Article

Apolipoprotein E genotype is an important risk factor of Alzheimer's disease, which is associated with the degeneration of distinct brain neuronal systems. In the present study we employed apolipoprotein E-deficient mice and human apolipoprotein E3 and apolipoprotein E4 transgenic mice on a null mouse apolipoprotein E background, to examine the extent to which distinct brain neuronal systems are affected by apolipoprotein E and the isoform specificity of this effect. This was pursued by histological and autoradiographic measurements utilizing neuron specific presynaptic markers. The results thus obtained revealed significant reductions in the levels of brain cholinergic and noradrenergic nerve terminals in young apolipoprotein E-deficient mice and no changes in brain dopaminergic nerve terminals. These cholinergic and noradrenergic presynaptic derangements were ameliorated similarly in human apolipoprotein E3 and apolipoprotein E4 transgenic mice. In the case of the cholinergic system, this resulted in complete reversal of the presynaptic deficits, whereas in the case of the noradrenergic neurons the amelioration was partial. These findings suggest that brain cholinergic and noradrenergic neurons are markedly more dependent on brain apolipoprotein E than brain dopaminergic neurons and that the isoform specificity of these effects is not apparent at a young age under non-challenged conditions.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Chapman, S; Sabo, T; Roses, AD; Michaelson, DM

Published Date

  • January 2000

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 97 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 419 - 424

PubMed ID

  • 10828524

Pubmed Central ID

  • 10828524

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-7544

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0306-4522

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/s0306-4522(00)00087-7


  • eng