Magnetic resonance angiography with hyperpolarized 129Xe dissolved in a lipid emulsion.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Hyperpolarized (HP) 129Xe can be dissolved in biologically compatible lipid emulsions while maintaining sufficient polarization for in vivo vascular imaging. For xenon in Intralipid 30%, in vitro spectroscopy at 2 T yielded a chemical shift of 197 +/- 1 ppm with reference to xenon gas, a spin-lattice relaxation time T1 = 25.3 +/- 2.1 sec, and a T2* time constant of 37 +/- 5 msec. Angiograms of the abdominal and pelvic veins in the rat obtained with 129Xe MRI after intravenous injection of HP 129Xe/Intralipid 30% into the tail demonstrated signal-to-noise ratios between 8 and 29. An analysis of the inflow effect on time-of-flight images of two segments of the inferior vena cava yielded additional information. The mean blood flow velocity was 34.7 +/- 1.0 mm/sec between the junction of the caudal veins and the kidneys and 13.3 +/- 0.8 mm/sec at the position of the diaphragm. The mean volume flow rates in these segments were 7.2 +/- 3.4 ml/min and 11.0 +/- 2.8 ml/min, respectively. Intravenous delivery of HP 129Xe dissolved in a carrier may lead to novel biomedical applications of laser-polarized gases.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Möller, HE; Chawla, MS; Chen, XJ; Driehuys, B; Hedlund, LW; Wheeler, CT; Johnson, GA

Published Date

  • May 1999

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 41 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 1058 - 1064

PubMed ID

  • 10332890

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0740-3194

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/(sici)1522-2594(199905)41:5<1058::aid-mrm26>;2-c


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States