Family Change and Continuity in Iran: Birth Control Use Before First Pregnancy.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Using data from the 2002 Iran Fertility Transition Survey, we examined birth control use between marriage and first pregnancy. We focused on the post-1990 increase in birth control use and develop two explanations. The first posits that birth control use reflects a new marriage form, the conjugal marriage, which places a heightened value on the spousal relationship while deemphasizing the centrality of parenthood. A second explanation stresses the use of a new resource, effective birth control, within an Iranian-Islamist view of marriage. Key to this explanation is the role of the state-Iranian political/religious actors encourage early marriage and the use of birth control. Although the explanations could be complementary, evidence provides more support for the latter.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Abbasi-Shavazi, MJ; Morgan, SP; Hossein-Chavoshi, M; McDonald, P

Published Date

  • December 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 71 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 1309 - 1324

PubMed ID

  • 20376280

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC2849153

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1741-3737

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-2445

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2009.00670.x


  • eng