Effects of inbreeding on traits that influence dispersal and progeny density in Cakile edentula var. lacustris (Brassicaceae)

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Inbreeding may influence the intensity of sibling competition by altering the number of offspring produced or by changing plant morphology in ways that influence seed dispersion patterns. To test this possibility, effects of inbreeding on seed production and on traits that influence progeny density were measured using experimental pollinations of flowers of Cakile edentula var. lacustris. Different flowers on a plant were either hand pollinated with self pollen (with and without emasculation) or foreign pollen, or they were allowed to be pollinated naturally. Selfed flowers matured significantly fewer viable seeds than outcrossed flowers (10.3% less seed maturation with inbreeding depression of 19.2%), due in large part to a greater percentage of proximal seed abortions and lower germination success. Plants grown from selfed seeds tended to have lower seed production (37 fewer seeds on average, with inbreeding depression of 16.2%), caused in part by an increase in the percentage of fruits with proximal seed abortions, although this effect was not significant. Inbreeding depression in total fitness was 29.0%, which corresponds to a difference of 46 seeds per pollinated ovule. Selfing rate estimates were usually intermediate to high, indicating that inbreeding effects observed in this study would be present in naturally pollinated progeny. Although the influence of inbreeding directly on dispersal was negligible, the predicted reduction in sibling competition caused by reduced seed production resulted in an estimate of inbreeding depression of 17.5%, which is 11.5% lower than that measured under uniform conditions. Consequently, inbreeding depression estimated under natural dispersion patterns may be lower than that estimated under uniform conditions since seeds from self- and cross-pollination may not experience the same competitive environment in the field. Inbreeding in the maternal generation, therefore, could influence progeny fitness not only by determining the genetic composition of progeny, but also by influencing the competitive environment in which progeny grow.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Donohue, K

Published Date

  • January 1, 1998

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 85 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 661 - 668

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-9122

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.2307/2446535

Citation Source

  • Scopus