Relationship of creatine kinase-myocardial band release to Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction perfusion grade after intracoronary stent placement: an ESPRIT substudy.
BACKGROUND: The etiology of creatine kinase-myocardial band (CK-MB) release after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains unclear. The goal of this study was to evaluate the relationship of both epicardial and tissue level perfusion at the completion of stent placement to CK-MB release after the procedure. Given the high rates of Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) grade 3 flow after PCI, we hypothesized that abnormalities in tissue level perfusion would instead explain CK-MB release. METHODS: Data were drawn from the angiographic substudy of the Enhanced Suppression of the Platelet IIb/IIIa Receptor With Integrilin Therapy (ESPRIT) trial of eptifibatide versus placebo in patients undergoing planned coronary stent implantation. In the substudy, cinefilms of 65 patients were analyzed by an angiographic core laboratory blinded to enzymatic and clinical outcomes. RESULTS: The release of CK-MB was not associated with TIMI grade 3 flow or the corrected TIMI frame count; 100% of patients had TIMI grade 3 flow at the completion of PCI. In contrast, tissue level perfusion using the TIMI myocardial perfusion grade (TMPG) was related to postintervention CK-MB release: patients with a closed myocardium (TMPG 0/1) or delayed myocardial perfusion (TMPG 2) had an average CK-MB release 2.2 +/- 2.7 times the upper limit of normal (n = 34), whereas those patients with normal myocardial perfusion (TMPG 3, n = 24) had CK-MB 0.8 +/- 0.6 times the upper limit of normal (P =.01). Although no patients with TMPG 3 sustained death/myocardial infarction/urgent target vessel revascularization or thrombotic bailout, 17.7% of patients with TMPG 0/1/2 did by 48 hours (P =.037). CONCLUSIONS: Impaired tissue level perfusion as assessed by the TMPG and not epicardial coronary blood flow is associated with CK-MB elevation after PCI. These data provide a pathophysiologic link between impaired tissue level perfusion, post-PCI infarction, and adverse clinical outcomes.
Gibson, CM; Murphy, SA; Marble, SJ; Cohen, DJ; Cohen, EA; Lui, HK; Young, J; Kitt, MM; Lorenz, TJ; Tcheng, JE
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