Double jeopardy of renal insufficiency and anemia in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions.
(Journal Article;Multicenter Study)
Anemia and renal insufficiency impart an increased risk of mortality in patients with congestive heart failure. There is a paucity of data on the mortality hazard associated with anemia and renal insufficiency in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention in the setting of contemporary practice. We analyzed the short- and long-term outcomes among patients enrolled in EPIC, EPILOG and EPISTENT trials according to degree of kidney dysfunction (glomerular filtration rate [GFR] <60, 60 to 75, and >75 ml/min/1.73 m2) and by hematocrit (<35, 35 to 39 and 40). GFR was calculated as GFR = 186 x (serum creatinine-1.154) x (age-0.203) x 1.212 (if black) or x 0.742 (if female). There were 20 deaths (3.2%) among 638 patients with a hematocrit of <35, 41 deaths among 2,066 patients (2.0%) with a hematocrit of 35 to 39, and 43 deaths in 3,618 patients (1.2%) with a hematocrit >40 at 6 months (p <0.001). Similarly, a significant increase in mortality was seen with lower GFR [33 of 1,168 (2.9%) at GFR <60, 33 of 1,766 (1.9%) at GFR 60 to 75 and 37 of 3,317 (1.1%) at GFR >75, p <0.001)]. Further, GFR and anemia independently and in combination predicted mortality at 3 years. Thus, renal insufficiency and anemia are significant independent and additive predictors of short- and long-term complications in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.
Gurm, HS; Lincoff, AM; Kleiman, NS; Kereiakes, DJ; Tcheng, JE; Aronow, HD; Askari, AT; Brennan, DM; Topol, EJ
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