Impact of renal insufficiency in patients undergoing primary angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction.

Published

Journal Article

BACKGROUND: The prognostic importance of renal insufficiency (RI) in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has not been well characterized. METHODS AND RESULTS: PCI was performed in 2082 AMI patients without shock presenting within 12 hours of symptom onset in a prospective, multicenter randomized trial. RI was defined as a calculated (Cockroft-Gault) creatinine clearance (CrCl) < or =60 mL/min. RI at baseline was present in 18% of patients. Compared with patients without RI, patients with RI were older and were more likely to be female; to have hypertension, peripheral vascular disease, or cerebrovascular disease; and to present in heart failure. Mortality was markedly increased in patients with versus without baseline RI both at 30 days (7.5% versus 0.8%, P<0.0001) and at 1 year (12.7% versus 2.4%, P<0.0001). Mortality rates increased incrementally for every 10-mL/min decrease in baseline CrCl. By multivariate analysis, reduced baseline CrCl was a powerful independent predictor of 30-day mortality (hazard ratio, 5.77; P<0.0001) and remained associated with reduced survival at 1 year (hazard ratio, 1.98; P=0.08). Hemorrhagic complications and transfusion requirements were also increased more than 2-fold in patients with RI, as were severe restenosis (diameter stenosis > or =70%; 20.6% versus 11.8%, P=0.024) and infarct artery reocclusion (14.7% versus 7.3%, P=0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Baseline RI in patients with AMI undergoing primary PCI is associated with a markedly increased risk of mortality, as well as bleeding and restenosis. Novel approaches are needed to improve the otherwise poor prognosis of patients with RI and AMI.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Sadeghi, HM; Stone, GW; Grines, CL; Mehran, R; Dixon, SR; Lansky, AJ; Fahy, M; Cox, DA; Garcia, E; Tcheng, JE; Griffin, JJ; Stuckey, TD; Turco, M; Carroll, JD

Published Date

  • December 2003

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 108 / 22

Start / End Page

  • 2769 - 2775

PubMed ID

  • 14638545

Pubmed Central ID

  • 14638545

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1524-4539

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0009-7322

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1161/01.cir.0000103623.63687.21

Language

  • eng