Achieving optimal results with standard balloon angioplasty: can baseline and angiographic variables predict stent-like outcomes?
Journal Article (Journal Article)
OBJECTIVES: To predict which patients might not require stent implantation, we identified clinical and angiographic characteristics associated with repeat revascularization after standard balloon angioplasty. BACKGROUND: Stents reduce the risk of repeat revascularization but are costly and may lead to in-stent restenosis, which remains difficult to treat. Identification of patients at low risk for repeat revascularization may allow clinicians to reserve stents for patients most likely to benefit. METHODS: Data from five interventional trials (5,146 patients) were pooled for analysis. We identified patients with optimal angiographic results (final diameter stenosis < or =30% and no dissection) after balloon angioplasty and determined the multivariable predictors of repeat revascularization. RESULTS: Optimal angiographic results were achieved in 18% of patients after angioplasty. The repeat revascularization rate at six months was lower for patients with optimal results (20% vs. 26%, p < 0.001) but still higher than observed in stent trials. Independent predictors of repeat revascularization were female gender (odds ratio [OR] 1.67, p = 0.01), lesion length > or =10 mm (OR 1.62, p = 0.03) and proximal left anterior descending coronary artery lesions (OR 1.62, p = 0.03). For the 8% of patients with optimal angiographic results and none of these risk factors, the repeat revascularization and target vessel revascularization rates were 14% and 8% respectively, similar to rates after stent implantation. Cost analysis estimated that $78 million per year might be saved in the U.S. with a provisional stenting strategy using these criteria compared with elective stenting. CONCLUSIONS: A combination of baseline characteristics and angiographic results can be used to identify a small group of patients at very low risk for repeat revascularization after balloon angioplasty. Provisional stenting for these low risk patients could substantially reduce costs without compromising clinical outcomes.
- Cantor, WJ; Hellkamp, AS; Peterson, ED; Zidar, JP; Cowper, PA; Sketch, MH; Tcheng, JE; Califf, RM; Ohman, EM
- June 1, 2001
Volume / Issue
- 37 / 7
Start / End Page
- 1883 - 1890
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
- United States