Treatment of long coronary artery narrowings with long angioplasty balloon catheters.
Balloon angioplasty of long coronary artery narrowings has been associated with a lower rate of acute success, and a higher rate of acute complications and restenosis than that observed for short narrowings. Angioplasty catheters with longer length balloons (30 and 40 mm) are now available, and the objective of this study was to determine the acute and long-term success for patients with long coronary artery narrowings treated with these longer balloons. All patients with long narrowings (> or = 10 mm) treated with long balloons at 1 institution over a 1-year period were identified (93 narrowings in 89 patients), and acute and long-term outcomes were carefully documented. Procedural success (residual stenosis < or = 50%) was 97%. Abrupt closure occurred in 6% and major dissection in 11% of narrowings. Clinical success (procedural success without in-hospital death, bypass surgery or myocardial infarction) was achieved in 90% of patients. Repeat catheterization was performed in 61 patients (76% of those eligible), and restenosis was found in 50 to 55%, depending on the definition used. The treatment of long coronary artery narrowings using angioplasty catheters with longer balloons leads to high rates of acute success. However, there is a high rate of restenosis. New interventional devices for long lesions should be compared with long balloons in a randomized controlled trial.
Tenaglia, AN; Zidar, JP; Jackman, JD; Fortin, DF; Krucoff, MW; Tcheng, JE; Phillips, HR; Stack, RS
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