Local delivery of heparin post-PTCA: a multicenter randomized pilot study.
Bailout stenting for major dissection and threatened closure has high rates of ischemic complications. We performed a randomized trial of local heparin delivery using the infusion sleeve before bailout stenting for suboptimal angioplasty results. In phase I, 20 patients were randomized to local delivery with either 40- or 100-psi infusion pressure. In phase II, 37 patients were randomized to local delivery at 100 psi or standard therapy. Local delivery succeeded in all but one patient; overall there was no significant worsening of intimal dissection. One patient treated with 100-psi drug infusion suffered a perforation after stent placement. There were no significant differences in the composite endpoint of death, MI, CABG, urgent repeat angioplasty, and stent thrombosis at 30 days (21% vs. 0%; P = 0.18). At 6 months, the rates of myocardial infarction in phase II were 27% with local delivery vs. 10% with standard treatment (P = 0.4). Local heparin delivery in dissected vessels may be associated with increased complications and should be approached with caution.
Tanguay, JF; Cantor, WJ; Krucoff, MW; Muhlestein, B; Barsness, GW; Zidar, JP; Sketch, MH; Tcheng, JE; Phillips, HR; Stack, RS; Kaplan, AV; Ohman, EM
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