Comparison of intravenous digital subtraction angiography and conventional arteriography in defining renal anatomy.
Intravenous digital subtraction renal angiography (IV-DSRA) is frequently used in the preoperative evaluation of living-related (LR) kidney donors. However, the true accuracy of IV-DSRA in the donor population is difficult to assess since abnormalities of the kidney and its circulation are uncommon in this group. Therefore, we evaluated IV-DSRA in a group of patients more likely to have anomalies and abnormalities that would affect LR donor selection, donor nephrectomy, and subsequent transplantation. Hypertensive adults being evaluated for renovascular hypertension had IV-DSRA and conventional renal arteriograms, which were interpreted independently. We determined the accuracy of IV-DSRA, compared with conventional arteriography, in detecting multiple renal arteries, renal artery stenosis, fibromuscular dysplasia, and abnormal renal parenchyma. Technically unsatisfactory studies were excluded from analysis. Of 59 patients evaluated, 37 had abnormalities or anomalies. IV-DSRA failed to detect 28 of 50 findings in these 37 patients. In 21 patients with multiple renal arteries, IV-DSRA underestimated the number of main renal arteries in 8. Significant renal artery stenosis, present in 16 patients, was undetected by IV-DSRA in 3 of these patients. Mild fibromuscular dysplasia was not detected by IV-DSRA in any of the 5 patients with this condition, and abnormalities of renal parenchyma were not detected in 6 of the 8 patients with scarred or cystic kidneys. When compared with conventional renal arteriography in a hypertensive population, the IV-DSRA does not accurately detect abnormalities of the kidney and its circulation. If these data are confirmed in nonhypertensive subjects, preoperative evaluation of LR kidney donors using IV-DSRA alone may fail to detect potentially important anatomic abnormalities.
Svetkey, LP; Dunnick, NR; Coffman, TM; Himmelstein, SI; Bollinger, RR; McCann, RL; Wilkinson, RH; Braun, SD; Newman, GF; Cohan, RH
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