Calcium-sensing receptor activation of rho involves filamin and rho-guanine nucleotide exchange factor.
We investigated the role of Galphaq, filamin, Rho, the RhoGEF Lbc, and the C terminus of calcium-sensing receptor (CasR) in CasR signaling. We found that Ca(2+), Mg(2+), or the calcimimetic R isomer of N-(3-[2-chlorophenyl]propyl)-(R)-alpha-methyl-3-methoxybenzylamine (NPS-R568) stimulated serum response element (SRE) activity human embryonic kidney 293 cells transfected with CasR and an SRE-luciferase reporter construct. Coexpression of either the dominant negative Galphaq(305-359) minigene, regulators of G protein signaling (RGS)2 or RGS4, inhibited CasR-stimulated SRE activity, consistent with CasR activation of Galphaq. The cytoskeletal associated Rho protein is involved CasR activation of SRE, as evidenced by CasR-mediated increase in membrane-associated Rho A and by the ability of Clostridium botulinum C3 (C3) exoenzyme to inhibit both CasR and GalphaqQL-stimulated SRE activity. Overexpression of the RhoGEF Lbc, lacking either the Dbl-homology or Pleckstrin homology domain, as well as the filamin peptide (1530-1875) inhibited CasR-mediated activation of SRE. A carboxyl-terminal CasR minigene, CasR(906-980), encoding a filamin binding region, also blocked CasR- and GalphaqQL-stimulated SRE activity. Potential interactions between CasR, RhoGEF Lbc, Rho A, Galphaq, and filamin were demonstrated by reciprocal coimmunoprecipitation studies. Our results suggest that the C terminus of CasR may interact with filamin to create a cytoskeletal scaffold necessary for the spatial organization of Galphaq, RhoGEF Lbc, and Rho signaling pathways upstream of SRE activation.
Pi, M; Spurney, RF; Tu, Q; Hinson, T; Quarles, LD
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