Respiratory-triggered three-dimensional T2-weighted MR cholangiography after injection of gadoxetate disodium: is it still reliable?
PURPOSE: To test the null hypothesis that there is no quantitative or qualitative difference between respiratory-triggered three-dimensional (3D) T2-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) cholangiography performed before or after administration of gadoxetate disodium. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this retrospective HIPAA-compliant dual-center study, institutional review board approval was obtained, and a waiver of informed consent was granted. Between July and December 2008, 60 patients (age range, 18-82 years) who were referred for liver MR imaging with gadoxetate disodium underwent respiratory-triggered 3D MR cholangiography before and immediately after completion of portal venous phase contrast material-enhanced T1-weighted MR imaging. Quantitative signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) measurements were obtained in the extrahepatic biliary tract in both MR cholangiographic data sets in each patient. Qualitative assessment was performed by four readers with a four-point scale to assess the depiction of extra- and intrahepatic ducts up to the third order. Statistical analysis consisted of a one-sided Wilcoxon signed rank test, with a P value of less than .05 indicating a significant difference. RESULTS: There was a significant decrease in mean SNR in the MR cholangiographic data set after injection of gadoxetate disodium. SNR was 96 + or - 50 [standard deviation] and 78 + or - 47 before and after contrast media administration, respectively (P < .0001). For all readers, qualitative differences were most obvious in the depiction of the common bile duct and second- and third-order biliary branches, with the precontrast MR cholangiographic data sets being preferred (P < .0001). Precontrast data sets were also significantly preferred in the assessment of the right and left hepatic ducts by all readers. CONCLUSION: Gadoxetate disodium adversely affects respiratory-triggered 3D MR cholangiography, both qualitatively and quantitatively. We recommend that such a sequence be performed before injection of gadoxetate disodium.
Ringe, KI; Gupta, RT; Brady, CM; Massey, CM; Hahn, A; Galanski, M; Merkle, EM; Lotz, J
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