Association of early follow-up after acute myocardial infarction with higher rates of medication use.
BACKGROUND: Early outpatient follow-up after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is recommended in guidelines, but its relationship with the use of evidence-based therapies is unknown. METHODS: We evaluated 1516 patients hospitalized with AMI from the multicenter Prospective Registry Evaluating Outcomes After Myocardial Infarction: Events and Recovery registry. Early follow-up was defined as patient- reported visits with a primary care physician or cardiologist within 1 month after discharge. The primary outcomes were use of aspirin, beta-blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, and statins in eligible patients at 6 months. Multivariable analyses assessed the association between early follow-up and medication use at 6 months, adjusting for patient and clinical characteristics. Secondary analyses compared medication use at 6 months for patients receiving collaborative follow-up from a single provider vs those receiving follow-up from both provider types. RESULTS: Among the cohort, 34% reported no outpatient follow-up during the month following discharge. Rates of medication prescription among appropriate candidates were similar at hospital discharge for both follow-up groups. Compared with those not receiving early follow-up, those receiving early follow-up were more likely to be prescribed beta-blockers (80.1% vs 71.3%; P = .001), aspirin (82.9% vs 77.1%; P = .01), or statins (75.9% vs 68.6%; P = .005) at 6 months. In multivariable analyses, a persistent relationship remained between early follow-up and beta-blocker use (risk ratio, 1.08; 95% confidence interval, 1.02-1.15). In secondary analyses, statin use was higher in patients receiving collaborative follow-up (risk ratio, 1.11; 95% confidence interval, 1.01-1.22). CONCLUSIONS: Early outpatient follow-up and collaborative follow-up after AMI is associated with higher rates of evidence-based medication use. Although further studies should assess whether this relationship is causal, these results support current guideline recommendations for follow-up after AMI.
Daugherty, SL; Ho, PM; Spertus, JA; Jones, PG; Bach, RG; Krumholz, HM; Peterson, ED; Rumsfeld, JS; Masoudi, FA
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