Slow oscillations of cytochrome oxidase redox state and blood volume in unanesthetized cat and rabbit cortex. Interhemispheric synchrony.
The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency characteristics and the degree of interhemispheric synchrony of slow (< 0.5 Hz), spontaneous oscillations of the regional cortical cytochrome oxidase redox state (CYT) and blood volume (CBV) in unanesthetized animals. We implanted bilateral cortical windows and electrodes for polysomnography in 7 cats and 3 rabbits. The animals were atraumatically restrained during multiple 3-6 hour sessions for up to 8 weeks, and relative changes in the cortical CYT and CBV were monitored by dual wavelength reflectance spectrophotometry at 603 nm and 590 nm. Continuous oscillations of CYT and CBV, unrelated to pulse or respiration, were always observed in each animal. Frequency (FFT) analysis over time revealed a nonstationary distribution of frequencies below 0.4 Hz, with most of the spectral power being contained in the 0-0.25 Hz band during both waking and sleep. Although the time-frequency plots of the CYT and CBV signals were similar, an occasional dissociation between the CYT and CBV oscillations was found. Analysis of simultaneous bilateral cortical optical recordings revealed a significant and sustained interhemispheric cross-correlation over time between the CYT as well as the CBV oscillations during stable recordings as long as 60 min. We conclude that: 1) CYT and CBV levels normally oscillate at < 0.4 Hz in the unanesthetized cat and rabbit cortex; 2) these complex oscillations, whose frequencies are non-stationary over time, nevertheless show sustained interhemispheric synchrony between 50 mm2 homotopic cortical regions; and 3) these oscillations may in part represent fluctuations of the metabolic rate.
Vern, BA; Leheta, BJ; Juel, VC; LaGuardia, J; Graupe, P; Schuette, WH
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