Low-frequency oscillations of cortical oxidative metabolism in waking and sleep.
To study the changes in cortical oxidative metabolism and blood volume during behavioral state transitions, we employed reflectance spectrophotometry of the cortical cytochrome c oxidase (cyt aa3) redox state and blood volume in unanesthetized cats implanted with bilateral cortical windows and EEG electrodes. Continuous oscillations in the redox state and blood volume (approximately 9/min) were observed during waking and sleep. These primarily metabolic oscillations of relatively high amplitude were usually synchronous in homotopic cortical areas, and persisted during barbiturate-induced electrocortical silence. Their mean amplitude and frequency did not vary across different behavioral/EEG states, although the mean levels of cyt aa3 oxidation and blood volume during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep significantly exceeded those during waking and slow-wave sleep. These data suggest the existence of a spontaneously oscillating metabolic phenomenon in cortex that is not directly related to neuroelectric activity. A superimposed increase in cortical oxidative metabolism and blood volume occurs during REM sleep. Experimental data concerning cerebral metabolism and blood flow that are obtained by clinical methods that employ relatively long sample acquisition times should therefore be interpreted with caution.
Vern, BA; Schuette, WH; Leheta, B; Juel, VC; Radulovacki, M
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