Bombesin-like peptides and receptors in normal fetal baboon lung: roles in lung growth and maturation.

Published

Journal Article

Previously, we have shown that bombesin-like peptide (BLP) promotes fetal lung development in rodents and humans but mediates postnatal lung injury in hyperoxic baboons. The present study analyzed the normal ontogeny of BLP and BLP receptors as well as the effects of BLP on cultured normal fetal baboon lungs. Transcripts encoding gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP), a pulmonary BLP, were detectable on gestational day 60 (ED60), peaked on approximately ED90, and then declined before term (ED180). Numbers of BLP-immunopositive neuroendocrine cells peaked from ED80 to ED125 and declined by ED160, preceding GRP-receptor mRNAs detected from ED125 until birth. BLP (0.1-10 nM) stimulated type II cell differentiation in organ cultures as assessed by [(3)H]choline incorporation into surfactant phospholipids, electron microscopy, and increased surfactant protein (SP) A- and/or SP-C-immunopositive cells and SP-A mRNA. BLP also induced neuroendocrine differentiation on ED60. Cell proliferation was induced by GRP, peaking on ED90. Similarly, blocking BLP degradation stimulated lung growth and maturation, which was completely reversed by a BLP-specific antagonist. The dissociation between GRP and GRP-receptor gene expression during ontogeny suggests that novel BLP receptors and/or peptides might be implicated in these responses.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Emanuel, RL; Torday, JS; Mu, Q; Asokananthan, N; Sikorski, KA; Sunday, ME

Published Date

  • November 1999

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 277 / 5

Start / End Page

  • L1003 - L1017

PubMed ID

  • 10564187

Pubmed Central ID

  • 10564187

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2163-5773

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-9513

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1152/ajplung.1999.277.5.l1003

Language

  • eng