High frequency of clonal immunoglobulin receptor gene rearrangements in sporadic histiocytic/dendritic cell sarcomas.
The diagnosis of histiocytic/dendritic cell (H/DC) sarcomas is currently based on morphology and the presence of immunophenotypic features of H/DC differentiation. The issue whether clonal immunoglobulin receptor gene rearrangements are present in H/DC sarcomas has been debated over decades until the recent data by Feldman et al, which provided compelling evidence that patients with follicular lymphoma and concurrent/synchronous H/DC sarcoma share identical genotypic features, suggested the possibility of transdifferentiation or dedifferentiation of 2 otherwise morphologically and immunophenotypically distinctive neoplasms. Here we investigated the molecular characteristics of 23 patients with sporadic H/DC sarcoma. Nine of the 23 cases (39%) showed clonal IGH (+/-IGK) gene rearrangements, whereas 2 (9%) cases showed only clonal IGK gene rearrangements, which were further validated and confirmed by direct DNA sequencing. One histiocytic sarcoma showed t(14;18) by quantitative-polymerase chain reaction, which was confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis showing IGH/BCL2 fusions in neoplastic histiocytes. Notably, all IGH/IGK-positive H/DC sarcomas were negative for B-cell-associated transcription factors PAX5 and BOB.1, whereas 4 of 7 IGH/IGK-positive histiocytic sarcoma cases were positive for Oct2. In addition, no evidence of Epstein-Barr virus infection was detected in 8 of 11 IGH/IGK-positive H/DC sarcoma cases by in situ hybridization, suggesting that Epstein-Barr virus infection may not play an important role in the pathogenesis of these tumors. This study provides evidence that clonal immunoglobulin receptor gene rearrangements may be detected at a high frequency in sporadic H/DC sarcomas. The findings suggest that a large subset of H/DC sarcomas have inherited B-cell genotypes, thus providing new insights for the pathogenesis of these rare but aggressive neoplasms.
Chen, W; Lau, SK; Fong, D; Wang, J; Wang, E; Arber, DA; Weiss, LM; Huang, Q
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