Stretch-regulated exocytosis/endocytosis in bladder umbrella cells.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The epithelium of the urinary bladder must maintain a highly impermeable barrier despite large variations in urine volume during bladder filling and voiding. To study how the epithelium accommodates these volume changes, we mounted bladder tissue in modified Ussing chambers and subjected the tissue to mechanical stretch. Stretching the tissue for 5 h resulted in a 50% increase in lumenal surface area (from approximately 2900 to 4300 microm(2)), exocytosis of a population of discoidal vesicles located in the apical cytoplasm of the superficial umbrella cells, and release of secretory proteins. Surprisingly, stretch also induced endocytosis of apical membrane and 100% of biotin-labeled membrane was internalized within 5 min after stretch. The endocytosed membrane was delivered to lysosomes and degraded by a leupeptin-sensitive pathway. Last, we show that the exocytic events were mediated, in part, by a cyclic adenosine monophosphate, protein kinase A-dependent process. Our results indicate that stretch modulates mucosal surface area by coordinating both exocytosis and endocytosis at the apical membrane of umbrella cells and provide insight into the mechanism of how mechanical forces regulate membrane traffic in non-excitable cells.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Truschel, ST; Wang, E; Ruiz, WG; Leung, S-M; Rojas, R; Lavelle, J; Zeidel, M; Stoffer, D; Apodaca, G

Published Date

  • March 2002

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 13 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 830 - 846

PubMed ID

  • 11907265

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC99602

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1059-1524

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1091/mbc.01-09-0435


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States