A compliant biological vascular prosthesis.
One requirement of the mechanical parameters for an acceptable vascular prosthesis is compliance. The compliance of a vascular prosthesis is defined as the fractional change in luminal volume per unit change in applied pressure. A compliant prosthesis has been correlated to prosthesis patency and long-term efficacy in an animal study. However, there have been very few reports on how to manufacture a compliant prosthesis. It is the objective of this study to research the processing methods to manufacture a reasonably compliant vascular prosthesis. A new fixative, polyepoxy compound, was used to fix an artery. The arteries were fixed under different degrees of longitudinal retraction. By locking in the collagen micro-structure at an overly relaxed state and then crosslinking said collagen, the resulting biological prosthesis exhibited extreme compliance and pliability. A prosthesis matching its arterial origin in tensile modulus was achieved by crosslinking an artery at its 45% retraction longitudinally. This flexible prosthesis showed a volumetric compliance index of 18.4 +/- 0.9 % delta/100 mmHg and a longitudinal tensile modulus of 942 grams/cm2. Our current study indicated that a prosthesis fixed with polyepoxy compounds has shown more pliability than that with glutaraldehyde. Further animal study to correlate prostheses patency to different degrees of compliance is needed to confirm this proposed manufacturing approach.
Tu, R; Wang, E; Hata, C; Shen, SH; Lin, D; Quijano, RC
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)