Capillary electrophoresis coupled with electrochemiluminescence detection using porous etched joint.
A new setup to couple capillary electrophoresis (CE) with electrochemiluminescence (ECL) detection is described in which the electrical connection of CE is achieved through a porous section at a distance of 7 mm from the CE capillary outlet. Because the porous capillary wall allowed the CE current to pass through and there was no electric field gradient beyond that section, the influence of CE high-voltage field on the ECL procedure was eliminated. The porous section formed by etching the capillary with hydrofluoric acid after only one side of the circumference of 2-3 mm of polyimide coating of the capillary was removed, while keeping the polyimide coating on the other part to protect the capillary from HF etching makes the capillary joint much more robust since only a part of the circumference of it is etched. A standard three-electrode configuration was used in experiments with Pt wire as a counter electrode, Ag/AgCl as a reference electrode, and a 300-microm diameter Pt disk as a working electrode. Compared with CE-ECL conventional decoupler designs, the present setup with a porous joint has no added dead volume created. Moreover, the dead volume can be increasingly decreased by shortening the distance ( approximately 100 microm) between the working electrode and the end of the separation capillary. The versatility in choice of capillaries and separation buffers within this design is the main advantage over the use of small i.d. capillary and low conductivity buffer in some CE-ECL systems. The performance of this setup is illustrated by the analyses of tripropylamine and proline.
Yin, X-B; Qiu, H; Sun, X; Yan, J; Liu, J; Wang, E
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