The disappearance of a cyclin-like protein and the appearance of statin is correlated with the onset of differentiation during myogenesis in vitro.
We have used monoclonal antibodies to statin (S-44) and a cyclin-like protein (S-132) to examine the distribution of these two antigens in proliferating and in nonproliferating populations of cells. We have found that this cyclin-like protein is present in proliferating fibroblasts, whereas statin is absent from these same cell populations; in contrast, in senescent populations of fibroblasts the cyclin-like antigen disappears and statin labeling of nuclei appears. During myogenesis in rat muscle cell cultures, S-132 labeling is present in proliferating myoblasts and disappears after cells fuse and differentiate as multinucleated myotubes. In contrast, statin is absent from proliferating myoblasts, but appears when these cells become postmitotic and begin to differentiate. Similar results were seen during chick myogenesis. We have also found similar results during serum-starvation-induced differentiation in neuroblastoma cells. These results indicate that the cyclin-like protein disappears and statin appears upon commitment to differentiation in vitro, and the presence or the absence of these proteins appears to provide cellular markers for the transition from the proliferative to the nonproliferative state during differentiation.
Connolly, JA; Sarabia, VE; Kelvin, DJ; Wang, E
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