Dynamic internal compliance of a vascular prosthesis.
A new technique was used to measure dynamic internal compliance of a blood vessel or vascular graft subjected to dynamic internal pressure. The internal compliance can be broken into three categories: the volumetric compliance (CV), defined as (dV/V)/dP; the longitudinal compliance (CL), defined as (dL/L)/dP; and radial compliance (CR), defined as (dR/R)/dP. It can be shown mathematically that CV = 2 CR + CL. Thus, measuring any two of the three entities will also give the value for the third. A Dynatek DCT1 dynamic compliance tester was used for measuring the compliance of DenaflexTM biologic grafts and fresh bovine internal thoracic arteries, from which the Denaflex grafts were obtained by fixation. Volumetric compliance was obtained with the test sample mounted in a loose loop that allowed the sample to move both radially and longitudinally. By mounting the sample in a straight fashion that limited longitudinal movement, the radial compliance was determined. The longitudinal compliance was then calculated from the above relationship. Test results show that the fresh bovine artery had an average volumetric compliance of 26.1%/100 mmHg, radial compliance of 9.5%/100 mmHg, and longitudinal compliance of 7.2%/100 mmHg. The Denaflex vascular graft showed a reduction in longitudinal and radial compliance, compared to the fresh raw artery, as a result of extensive fixation.
Tu, R; McIntyre, J; Hata, C; Lu, CL; Wang, E; Quijano, RC
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