Proteomic biomarkers of intra-amniotic inflammation: relationship with funisitis and early-onset sepsis in the premature neonate.
Our goal was to determine the relationship between 4 amniotic fluid (AF) proteomic biomarkers (human neutrophil defensins 2 and 1, calgranulins C and A) characteristic of intra-amniotic inflammation, and funisitis and early-onset sepsis in premature neonates. The mass restricted (MR) score was generated from AF obtained from women in preterm labor (n = 123). The MR score ranged from 0-4 (none to all biomarkers present). Funisitis was graded histologically and interpreted in relation to the MR scores. Neonates (n = 97) were evaluated for early-onset sepsis. There was significant correlation between the severity of AF inflammation and the presence (53/123) and grades of funisitis (p < 0.001). Funisitis occurred independently of the amniocentesis-to-delivery interval or status of the membranes and was best predicted by an MR score 3-4 and an earlier gestational age (GA) at delivery. Neonates born to women with an MR score 3-4 had an increased incidence of suspected/confirmed sepsis, even after adjusting for GA at birth. Calgranulin C had the highest association with clinically significant funisitis, while calgranulin A had the strongest association with early-onset sepsis. To conclude, AF proteomic analysis shows that women with MR scores 3-4 are more likely to have histologic funisitis, and deliver neonates with early-onset sepsis.
Buhimschi, CS; Buhimschi, IA; Abdel-Razeq, S; Rosenberg, VA; Thung, SF; Zhao, G; Wang, E; Bhandari, V
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