Therapy-related acute lymphoblastic leukemia without 11q23 abnormality: report of six cases and a literature review.
Therapy-related acute lymphoblastic leukemia (t-ALL) is a rare secondary leukemia following chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy for primary malignancies. Chromosomal 11q23 abnormality, frequently detected in therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia, is the most common cytogenetic alteration in t-ALL. However, t-ALL cases without 11q23 abnormality have been rarely described. We describe 6 adults with secondary t-ALL without 11q23 abnormalities following various treatment regimens for primary malignancies. We also reviewed 48 t-ALL cases, with complete chromosomal karyotyping, reported in the literature from 1992 to 2007. In the 48 cases, an 11q23 abnormality involving the MLL gene locus was the predominant chromosomal aberration (32 [67%]), followed by t(9;22) (6 [13%]) and a normal karyotype (4 [8%]). Compared with t-ALL cases with an 11q23 abnormality, cases without an 11q23 abnormality had a relatively longer latency period (median, 36 vs 19 months) and a different primary malignancy spectrum. No major difference was observed between groups in regard to age, sex, or receipt of a topoisomerase II inhibitor. The t(8;14)(q11.2;q32), a rare, nonrandom, balanced chromosomal translocation differing from the more common translocation involving c-MYC on chromosome 8q24, was seen in 1 adult t-ALL case, which may suggest another possible pathogenesis of this disease.
Chen, W; Wang, E; Lu, Y; Gaal, KK; Huang, Q
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