[Ru(bpy)3]2+-doped silica nanoparticles within layer-by-layer biomolecular coatings and their application as a biocompatible electrochemiluminescent tag material.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

[Ru(bpy)3]2+-doped silica (RuSi) nanoparticles were synthesized by using a water/oil microemulsion method. Stable electrochemiluminescence (ECL) was obtained when the RuSi nanoparticles were immobilized on a glassy carbon electrode by using tripropylamine (TPA) as a coreactant. Furthermore, the ECL of the RuSi nanoparticles with layer-by-layer biomolecular coatings was investigated. Squential self-assembly of the polyelectrolytes and biomolecules on the RuSi nanoparticles gave nanocomposite suspensions, the ECL of which decreased on increasing the number of bilayers. Moreover, factors that affected the assembly and ECL signals were investigated. The decrease in ECL could be assigned to steric hindrance and limited diffusion of the coreactant molecules in the silica matrix after they were attached to the biomolecules. Since surface modification of the RuSi nanoparticles can improve their biocompatibility and prevent leaking of the [Ru(bpy)3]2+ ions, the RuSi nanoparticles can be readily used as efficient and stable ECL tag materials in immunoassay and DNA detection.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wei, H; Liu, J; Zhou, L; Li, J; Jiang, X; Kang, J; Yang, X; Dong, S; Wang, E

Published Date

  • 2008

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 14 / 12

Start / End Page

  • 3687 - 3693

PubMed ID

  • 18306266

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0947-6539

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/chem.200701518


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Germany