Phorbol myristate acetate stimulates pinocytosis and membrane spreading in mouse peritoneal macrophages.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) at a concentration of 0.01 microgram/ml causes an approximately threefold increase in surface area of resident, proteose-peptone-elicited, and thioglycolate-broth-elicited mouse peritoneal macrophages. Resident and proteose-peptone-elicited macrophages, cultured for 24 h in the presence of PMA, increase their pinocytic rate twofold in response to addition of PMA (0.01 microgram/ml) to the medium. Thioglycolate-broth-elicited macrophages, cultured for 24 h in the absence of PMA, immediately increase their pinocytic rate 2- to 3.5-fold in response to a single challenge with PMA (0.01 microgram/ml). Cytochalasin B, colchicine, and podophyllotoxin have only modest inhibitory effects on the basal rate of pinocytosis and on PMA-induced cellular spreading, but completely block the stimulatory effects of PMA on pinocytosis in thioglycolate-broth-elicited macrophages. Cytochalasin D markedly inhibits both basal and PMA-stimulated pinocytosis in these cells. Thus, PMA is a useful tool for studying mechanisms of macrophage spreading and for enhancing the overall rate of pinosome formation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Phaire-Washington, L; Wang, E; Silverstein, SC

Published Date

  • August 1, 1980

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 86 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 634 - 640

PubMed ID

  • 7400219

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC2111483

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0021-9525

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1083/jcb.86.2.634


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States