Rumenectomy-induced proliferation in duodenal villous epithelium is mechanistically related to the disappearance of statin, a non-proliferation-specific nuclear protein.
We undertook this study to determine the effect of rumenectomy (a known cause of duodenal crypt cell hyperplasia) on the epithelial growth kinetics of the crypt-villus axis in rat duodenum. Ten rats were randomly assigned to control (gastrotomy) and experimental (rumenectomy) groups. After 14 days rats were sacrificed and representative sections were stained with the monoclonal antibody to statin, a non-proliferation-specific protein, by the immunoperoxidase procedure. In the control group, the mean percentages of statin-positive cells in the proximal duodenum, distal duodenum, proximal jejunum, and distal jejunum were 79 +/- 8.5, 79.5 +/- 5.7, 85 +/- 1.4, and 83.5 +/- 0.7, respectively. In the rumenectomy group, statin-positive nuclei were found in the region of the villous apices only, and the corresponding values for the above four areas were 26.2 +/- 4.9, 24.5 +/- 3.5, 31.7 +/- 4.5, and 80.5 +/- 2.1. Except for distal jejunum, the differences in statin expression in the control and experimental groups were significant (p less than 0.001). Rumenectomy leads to the disappearance of statin from the villous column cells of the duodenum and proximal small bowel. The lack of expression of statin in the rumenectomy group documents the potential usefulness of this measure in future studies in neoplasia were understanding of the proliferative status is of crucial importance.
Kyzer, S; Mitmaker, B; Gordon, PH; Schipper, HM; Wang, E
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