Structure of a G.T.A triplet in an intramolecular DNA triplex.
A 32-base DNA oligonucleotide has been studied by one- and two-dimensional 1H NMR spectroscopy and is shown to form a stable, pyr.pur.pyr, intramolecular triple helical structure, with a four C loop and a TATA loop connecting the Watson-Crick- and Hoogsteen-paired strands, respectively. This triplex contains five T.A.T base triplets, two C+.G.C base triplets, and an unusual G.T.A base triplet which disrupts the pyr.pur.pyr motif. The G.T.A triplet consists of a Watson-Crick T.A base pair, with the T situated in the "purine strand" and the A situated in the "pyrimidine strand" and a G situated in the Hoogsteen-base-paired "pyrimidine strand" hydrogen bonded to the T. The base-pairing structure of the G.T.A triplet has been investigated and has been found to involve a single hydrogen bond from the guanine amino group to the O4 carbonyl of the thymine, leaving the guanine imino proton free. The specific amino proton involved in the hydrogen bond is the H2(2) proton. This orients the guanine such that its sugar is near the thymine methyl group. The guanine sugar adopts an N-type (C3'-endo) sugar pucker in this triplet. The stability of the G.T.A triplet within pyr.pur.pyr triplexes is discussed.
Wang, E; Malek, S; Feigon, J
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