Synthesis of PtNPs/AQ/Ru(bpy)3(2+) colloid and its application as a sensitive solid-state electrochemiluminescence sensor material.
The facile synthesis of the novel platinum nanoparticles/Eastman AQ55D/ruthenium(II) tris(bipyridine) (PtNPs/AQ/Ru(bpy)3(2+)) colloidal material for ultrasensitive ECL solid-state sensors was reported for the first time. The cation ion-exchanger AQ was used not only to immobilize ECL active species Ru(bpy)3(2+) but also as the dispersant of PtNPs. Colloidal characterization was accomplished by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectrum (XPS), and UV-vis spectroscopy. Directly coating the as-prepared colloid on the surface of a glassy carbon electrode produces an electrochemiluminescence (ECL) sensor. The electronic conductivity and electroactivity of PtNPs in composite film made the sensor exhibit faster electron transfer, higher ECL intensity of Ru(bpy)3(2+), and a shorter equilibration time than Ru(bpy)3(2+) immobilized in pure AQ film. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that the combination of PtNPs and permselective cation exchanger made the sensor exhibite excellent ECL behavior and stability and a very low limit of detection (1 x 10(-15) M) of tripropylamine with application prospects in bioanalysis. This method was very simple, effective, and low cost.
Du, Y; Qi, B; Yang, X; Wang, E
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