Physical activity participation among persons with disabilities: barriers and facilitators.

Published

Journal Article

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify various barriers and facilitators associated with participation in fitness and recreation programs/facilities among persons with disabilities. METHODS: Focus groups were conducted in ten regions across the United States in 2001 to 2002 with four types of participants: (1) consumers with disabilities, (2) architects, (3) fitness and recreation professionals, and (4) city planners and park district managers. Sessions were tape-recorded and content analyzed; focus group facilitators took notes of identified barriers and facilitators to access. RESULTS: Content analysis of tape recordings revealed 178 barriers and 130 facilitators. The following themes were identified: (1) barriers and facilitators related to the built and natural environment; (2) economic issues; (3) emotional and psychological barriers; (4) equipment barriers; (5) barriers related to the use and interpretation of guidelines, codes, regulations, and laws; (6) information-related barriers; (7) professional knowledge, education, and training issues; (8) perceptions and attitudes of persons who are not disabled, including professionals; (9) policies and procedures both at the facility and community level; and (10) availability of resources. CONCLUSIONS: The degree of participation in physical activity among people with disabilities is affected by a multifactorial set of barriers and facilitators that are unique to this population. Future research should utilize this information to develop intervention strategies that have a greater likelihood of success.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rimmer, JH; Riley, B; Wang, E; Rauworth, A; Jurkowski, J

Published Date

  • June 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 26 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 419 - 425

PubMed ID

  • 15165658

Pubmed Central ID

  • 15165658

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0749-3797

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.amepre.2004.02.002

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands