Effect of cocaine and cocaine congeners on veratridine-induced depolarization in mouse cerebrocortical synaptoneurosomes.
Structure-activity relationships were determined for cocaine congeners in counteracting the depolarization induced by the action of veratridine on voltage-dependent sodium channels of synaptoneurosomes from mouse brain cortex, and their potency was compared to those determined previously on Na+ uptake and batrachotoxinin binding. Cocaine, norcocaine, (+)-pseudococaine, (-)-pseudococaine, (+)-neopseudococaine, benzoyltropine, benzoylpseudotropine, ecgonine methylester, atropine, WIN-35,428, WIN-35,140, WIN-35,065-3, WIN-35,004, and procaine were tested for their potency in inhibiting depolarization as measured by the distribution of the lypophilic cation [3H]triphenylmethylphosphonium across the membrane. All of the tested compounds inhibited the veratridine-induced depolarization in a competitive manner. The structure-activity relationships were similar to those for inhibition of 22Na+ uptake in mouse brain homogenates, and the potency of these local anesthetics in inhibiting veratridine-induced uptake of [3H]triphenylmethylphosphonium correlated well with their potency in inhibiting [3H]batrachotoxinin A 20-alpha-benzoate binding in mouse brain synaptosomes.
Zimányi, I; Wang, E; Lajtha, A; Reith, ME
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