Platelet-activating factor induces tyrosine phosphorylation in human neutrophils.
The addition of platelet-activating factor (PAF) to human neutrophils increases the levels of the tyrosine phosphorylation in several proteins. These proteins have molecular weights of 41 (pp41), 54 (pp54), 66 (pp66), 104 (pp104), and 116 (pp116) kDa. The effect of PAF was dose-dependent and could be seen at concentrations as low as 1 nM. The nonmetabolizable bioactive PAF analog, C-PAF, caused an increase in the level of phosphorylation of the same proteins in a time- and dose-dependent manner. On the contrary, lyso-PAF, enantio-PAF, and L-beta,gamma-dihexadecyl-alpha-lecithin failed to stimulate the phosphorylation of any of the aforementioned proteins. The response to PAF was prevented by the PAF antagonist BN-52021. The PAF-induced increases in tyrosine phosphorylation in pp66, pp116, and pp104 were selectively inhibited by pertussis toxin. In contrast, the level of pp41 phosphorylation remained unchanged after the pertussis toxin treatment. The calcium chelator EGTA significantly inhibited the PAF-produced phosphorylation of the pp41 protein. The intracellular calcium chelator 1,2-bis-(O-aminophenoxil)ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (BAPTA) potentiated the PAF-enhanced levels of tyrosine phosphorylation on the pp41 protein. On the other hand, the PAF-induced phosphorylations of pp66, pp104, and pp116 were inhibited in BAPTA-treated cells. The calcium ionophore A23187 selectively potentiated the phosphorylation of the pp41 protein and reduced the phosphorylation in the pp54 protein. This phosphorylation was dependent on the extracellular calcium and was inhibited in toxin-treated cells. The results suggest that PAF is able to affect either directly or indirectly tyrosine kinase and/or phosphotyrosine phosphatase activities. The phosphorylation of the high and low molecular weight proteins are mediated by two different sets of kinases and/or phosphatases.
Gomez-Cambronero, J; Wang, E; Johnson, G; Huang, CK; Sha'afi, RI
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)