Synthesis, fluorine-18 radiolabeling, and in vitro characterization of 1-iodophenyl-N-methyl-N-fluoroalkyl-3-isoquinoline carboxamide derivatives as potential PET radioligands for imaging peripheral benzodiazepine receptor.
The isoquinoline carboxamide derivative 1-(2-chlorophenyl)-N-methyl-N-(1-methylpropyl)-3-isoquinoline carboxamide (PK11195) has been shown to bind strongly and selectively to the peripheral benzodiazepine receptor (PBR) binding sites. A series of PK11195 analogues have been synthesized and biologically characterized. The affinities of the analogues for the PBR were determined using in vitro competitive binding assays with [(3)H]PK11195 in rat kidney mitochondrial membranes. The results showed that the 1-(2-iodophenyl)-N-methyl-N-(3-fluoropropyl)-3-isoquinoline carboxamide (9a) was the most potent compound (K(i)=0.26nM) of this series and is an excellent lead ligand for additional studies for labeling with fluorine-18 to determine whether it possesses the desired in vivo performance in non-human primates by PET imaging. Thus, radiolabeling of 9a with fluorine-18 was developed.
Yu, W; Wang, E; Voll, RJ; Miller, AH; Goodman, MM
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