C-Raf antagonizes apoptosis induced by IFN-alpha in human lung cancer cells by phosphorylation and increase of the intracellular content of elongation factor 1A.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Interferon alpha (IFNalpha) induces both apoptosis and a counteracting epidermal growth factor Erk-dependent survival response in cancer cells. In this report, IFNalpha increased eukaryotic elongation factor 1A (eEF-1A) protein expression by inhibition of eEF-1A degradation via a proteasome-dependent pathway. The reduction of the expression level of eEF-1A by RNA interference enhanced the apoptosis induced by IFNalpha on the same cells. Moreover, IFNalpha induced the phosphorylation of both serine and threonine in eEF-1A. These effects were paralleled by an increased co-immunoprecipitation and colocalization of eEF-1A with C-Raf. The suppression of C-Raf kinase activity with the inhibitor BAY 43-9006 completely antagonized the increase of both eEF-1A phosphorylation and expression and of C-Raf/eEF-1A colocalization induced by IFNalpha and enhanced apoptosis and eEF-1A ubiquitination. Cell transfection with the mutated K48R ubiquitin increased EF-1A expression and desensitized tumor cells to the modulating effects of IFNalpha. The dynamic simulation of 3Dstructure of eEF-1A identified putative serine and threonine phosphorylation sites. In conclusion, the interaction between eEF-1A and C-Raf increases eEF-1A stability and induces a survival activity.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lamberti, A; Longo, O; Marra, M; Tagliaferri, P; Bismuto, E; Fiengo, A; Viscomi, C; Budillon, A; Rapp, UR; Wang, E; Venuta, S; Abbruzzese, A; Arcari, P; Caraglia, M

Published Date

  • May 2007

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 14 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 952 - 962

PubMed ID

  • 17332776

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1350-9047

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/sj.cdd.4402102


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England